mattress sizes

Mattress Size Chart And Dimensions

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Use this mattress size chart to determine the size of the mattress that will suit your needs before you shop for your next mattress. If your mattress isn’t big enough for everyone who will sleep in your bed and any pets that join you, you won’t sleep as comfortably as you should. On the other hand, if your mattress is too big for your bedroom, you won’t have enough room for other furniture or to make the bed.

Country and Mattress Size Width Centimeters Length Centimeters Width Inches Length Inches
Canadian Half Queen 76.2 202 30 79.5
UK Single 90 190 35 75
French Single 90 190 35.4 75
EU Single 90 200 35 79
Canadian Twin/Single 96.5 189 38 74.5
USA Twin 99 188 39 74
Canadian Twin XL 96.5 202 38 79.5
USA Twin XL 99 203 39 80
UK Small Double 120 190 47 75
UK Double 135 190 53 75
French Double/Full 140 190 55 75
EU Double 140 200 55 79
USA Full or Double 137 188 54 74
Canadian Double/Full 134.5 189 53 74.5
USA Full XL 137 203 54 80
USA (RV) Full 135 190 53 75
USA Queen 152 203 60 80
Canadian Queen 152.5 202 60 79.5
USA Olympic Queen 168 203 66 80
USA California Queen 152 213 60 84
USA Short Queen (RV) 152 190 60 75
Canadian Queen (RV) 152.5 189 60 74.5
UK King 150 200 59 79
Canadian Queen 152.5 202 60 79.5
French Queen 160 190 63 75
EU King 160 200 63 79
UK Super King 160 200 63 79
French King 180 200 70.9 79
Canadian Western King 183 213 72 84
Canadian Eastern King 193 202 76 79.5
USA King 193 203 76 80
USA California King 183 213 72 84

You’ll also want to download our free Mattress Buyer’s Checklist that describes everything you should consider when you choose a mattress.

Charts for each country with the numbers against a white background are available at the end of this article.

Mattress Size You Need

Use the mattress size chart to be sure about your requirements because some mattresses might not fit in your room, which can create a real hassle if you buy from a mattress store that doesn’t allow returns.

First, you should consider what size you need today as well as any changes you expect in the size you’ll need during the life of the mattress. For example:

  • If you’re single but you hope to marry in the next five or so years, you may want to consider purchasing a bed that will work after you’re married. This is especially true if you’re settled in your own home.
  • If you’re renting and likely to move frequently, consider the difficulty of moving a larger bed compared to moving a smaller bed and mattress.
  • If you’re buying a mattress for a child, remember how fast they grow. Many children will reach their full height in the bed you purchase to replace their toddler bed.

Custom SizesCustom Sizes

You may be surprised to learn that you can order mattresses in custom sizes.  Some beds or sleeping arrangements require custom sizes, including extra-long or extra-wide versions and custom shapes to fit specific needs.

Three factors are the most important when you choose the size of your mattress:

  • What size do you need?
  • Is the room large enough to accommodate the mattress you need?
  • Your budget

If you have a new bed, one of the standard mattress sizes will fit. If you have an antique or RV bed, you may need to order a custom size. If you are significantly larger than average, such as an NBA basketball player, you may want a custom bed to accommodate your height. The largest standard mattress length is seven feet. Most people don’t sleep with their head against the headboard. So, anyone who is 6’5” or taller may find a 7-foot length confining.

Room Size

We specify the minimum room size you need to accommodate mattresses for each type of mattress throughout this article.

Your Budget

Your budget should consider both the mattress purchase, the cost of the bed as well as the bedding, and the cost of providing a room large enough to accommodate the mattress. We illustrate the substantial price difference between choosing a King and Queen size below:

King Queen
Nectar Mattress $899 $699
Sheets $114 $89
Mattress Protector $99 $89
Platform Bed $275 $250
Wool Blanket $180 $150
Total Cost $1,567 $1,277

Mattress, sheets, mattress protector, and platform bed prices are from Nectar on July 12, 2019. The wool blanket represents the average price difference we found after looking at several different options.

If you want a more traditional bed, like this Coastal Sleigh bed (pictured below), the King size is priced over $400 more than the Queen.

We won’t bore you with the math, but we calculated that building a home with a room large enough for the minimum King size mattress would cost $5,500 more than building a home with just the minimum size needed for a Queen mattress using an estimated $125 per square foot. For ideal comfort, you’d want more than the absolute minimum size if you have furniture other than the bed and night tables in the room.

Keep in mind that you’ll incur some of these expenses repeatedly. Most people have more than one set of sheets for their bed and everything except the bed itself will eventually wear out and need to be replaced.

If you need a King size, then go for it. But if you’re comparing the price of just the mattress and thinking “I might as well, it’s only $200” you’d overlook quite a few related expenses.

Keep in mind that some people also need their personal space while they sleep. If you need the space, choosing a mattress that is too small is penny wise and pound foolish because impairing the quality of sleep has long term negative implications for health, relationships, and even safety.

Therefore, we provide you with details on different sizes, their dimensions, their purpose, and who they suit best.

Mattress Size Chart (Dimensions and Best for)

Mattress Sizes                Best For
Crib Baby
Twin or Single Toddlers, single adults, college dorms
Short Twin Toddlers, single adults, college dorms, RV
Twin XL Toddlers, single adults, teenagers, college dorms
Full or Double Couples, single adults, sleepers with kid or pets
Full XL Couples, single adults, teenagers, children with pets
Standard Queen Couples, couple with kid or pets
Olympic Queen Tall couples, couple with kid or pets
California Queen Couples, couple with kid or pets
Standard King Couples, couple with kid or pets
California King Tall couples, couple with kid or pets
Split King Couples with adjustable beds
Split California King Couples with adjustable beds

Crib Mattress Size

Crib Mattress Size

When it comes to the size of a crib mattress, the most important factor is that it fits snuggly in the crib. You do not want a gap between the mattress and the side of the crib as a gap can endanger your child. Standard crib mattresses are 28⅝-inches in width and 52⅝-inches in length. Moreover, a crib mattress should not be more than 6-inches thick.

A crib mattress that is too thick puts your child at risk of being able to topple out of the crib. Crib mattresses will usually also fit in toddler beds, so they’ll last for the first several years of your child’s life.

Recommended Room Size

The minimum recommended room size for a nursery with a crib is 7-feet x 10-feet.

Note that experts recommend that babies sleep in the same room as their parents during at least the first six months of their life, but not in the same bed.

Also read: Crib mattress buying guide and top choices

Twin Mattress Size

Twin Mattress SizeMost children sleep in a twin bed after they outgrow their crib or toddler bed. The twin-size is one of the most common sizes used for children. Because these mattresses are small, they leave enough space for toys and room to play.

The standard measurements for a twin bed in the USA are 39-inches in width and 74-inches in length. Sizes in other countries vary slightly.

Bunk beds usually use twin size mattresses, although some bunk beds combine a twin upper with a full or queen size lower bed.

A twin mattress is an ideal solution for people who share a single room but don’t share a bed. Some couples opt for single beds for a variety of reasons including reducing disruptions to one another’s sleep.

When considering the size of mattress to purchase for your child, think about how tall your child is expected to be by the time the mattress wears out. Your pediatrician can give you an estimate.

If your child is expected to be tall, you may want to opt for a Twin XL although sheets will be somewhat more expensive, and Twin XL sheets tend to be more difficult to find in stores. It may be well worth the cost. A teenager who doesn’t sleep well because they are too tall for their bed is likely to be both grumpy and make worse decisions than they would if they were comfortable. Sleep deprivation has a negative effect on self-control and cognitive abilities.

Recommended Room Size

The minimum size room for a twin bed is 7-feet x 10-feet. For two twin beds in one room, the minimum size of the room should be 12-feet x 10-feet.

Twin XL Mattress SizeTwin XL Mattress Size

If you need extra length for your height, a twin XL bed provides it. This is also handy if your cat or dog tends to sleep on your feet.

Twin XL is the most common size used in college dorm rooms. The dimensions are 39-inches x 80-inches in the USA, which provides you with an extra 6-inches for your legs. Canada’s twin XL is almost the same size as the one in the US. Twin XL isn’t a standard size in the European Union or France. In the UK, the closest is their small double.

Recommended Room Size

The minimum room size for a twin XL bed is 7-feet x 10-feet.

Full Mattress SizeFull Mattress Size

Full-sized beds are also known as double mattresses. Less expensive hotels often use them as a substitute for Queen beds.  These mattresses are 16-inches bigger than a twin in width. The dimensions of full-sized mattresses are 54-inches in width and 74-inches in length. These beds are equipped with enough space to accommodate two small individuals comfortably.

However, please bear in mind that your partner may not like the size of the bed if you tend to move around a lot in your sleep on a full-sized bed. Such mattresses are more useful for older kids who can have a sleepover without needing a second bed.

A full-sized mattress allows you to cuddle up with your kids if you regularly tuck your children in for the night. You’ll also be able to lay down with them while you read them a bedtime story.

Recommended Room Size

The minimum room size for a full-sized mattress is 10-feet x 12-feet.

Full XL Mattress Size

Full XL Mattress Size

A full XL mattress equips you with additional room for your feet. The dimensions of these beds are 54-inches in width and 80-inches in length which means that you get an extra 6-inches to stretch your legs and feet.

Similar to full-sized beds, the full XL bed is an excellent option for tall individuals.

Nevertheless, these beds don’t provide you with extra width that you can enjoy in the Queen version. Full XL mattresses are a good choice for people who like to cuddle with their partners during sleep, and don’t care much about having their own space for sleeping.

This is not a common size and you may have difficulty finding sheets in this size in department stores. Fortunately, there are numerous options for sheets in this size when you shop online.

Recommended Room Size

Based on the walking space that you need in your room, the minimum recommended room size for a full XL mattress is 10-feet x 12-feet.

Queen Mattress Size

Queen Mattress Size Queen beds are the most commonly used size in the world because they cater to the needs of most people. Queen size mattresses provide extra room which makes sleeping with a partner more comfortable for people who don’t want to touch someone else while they sleep. Standard Queen-sized mattresses are large enough to provide room for a couple of sleepers. Both people will enjoy enough space to enjoy their sleep and have room to rollover.

It also keeps you close enough that cuddlers can easily find one another. Standard queen-sized mattresses come with dimensions of 60-inches in width and 80-inches in length. This bed offers more than enough sleeping space for single sleepers to move around during sleep.

You will also have room for your children or pets to sleep with you. Nevertheless, these mattresses are far bigger than other beds mentioned above, and for this, you need to have enough space in your room to accommodate these beds comfortably and still walk around with convenience.

This bed size is preferable for guest rooms, if you want couples to be comfortable. If you want them to go home quicker, choose a full-size.

Teenagers can spread out on a Queen-sized bed and have sleep overs without needing a second bed.

Many married couples opt for this size. If you’re sleeping alone, using a pillow to cuddle helps keep your body heat close to your body so you won’t feel too cold.

Recommended Room Size

The minimum size room recommended for a queen-sized mattress is10-feet x 10-feet. Keep in mind, this is a minimum and you’ll be more comfortable if you have more space.

Olympic Queen Mattress Size

Olympic Queen Mattress SizeOlympic queen-sized mattresses have dimensions of 80-inches in length and 66-inches in width. They provide an additional 6-inches of width when compared to a standard Queen mattress.

The extra width is suitable for times when couples need some personal space when they are in bed and six additional inches helps with that. Olympic queen size also accommodates your child who needs some cuddling too if they wake up during the night, which is an added advantage of this size.

Olympic Queens are not a common size which means you won’t have as large of a selection of sheets to choose from when you purchase sheets.

You can use flat sheets for a king and tuck them under the mattress if you can’t find fitted sheets that match your décor.

Recommended Room Size

The minimum recommended size for a room with an Olympic queen mattress is 10-feet x 11-feet.

California Queen Size

California Queen Size You’ll see on the mattress size chart that the California queen-size has dimensions of 60-inches in width and 84-inches in length , and it is the best option for couples who need some extra space for their feet or pets at the end of their bed. The width of a California Queen is the same as a standard Queen.

This size is the preferable choice for tall couples who don’t want a King-sized mattress. This size also provides extra room at the foot of the bed for your pets.

Note: Infants should not co-sleep as pictured in this image. They should be in a baby box, bassinette, or other safe sleeping space so they can’t be accidentally suffocated if one of their exhausted parents rolls over on them or the blankets cover their little nose.

Older children can safely co-sleep as pictured.

Recommended Room Size

The minimum size of the room for a California Queen is 12-feet x 10-feet.

Standard King Size Bed

Standard King Size Bed A King-sized mattress is good for couples who prefer a lot of space while they sleep. It also gives them enough space for various other activities including stretching, relaxing for comfort, and rambunctious sex. The dimensions are 76-inches in width and 80-inches in length.

These measurements make the bed as large as two twin XL mattresses joined together. The standard King is also the best size for couples who expect their child to share the bed with them on a regular basis and those who sleep with multiple or large pets.

Some people find a King-size mattress too big when they’re sleeping alone while others revel in having room to keep their favorite books on the bed.

The box spring versions of this size are split. They can be moved around very comfortably through tight corners and stairwells.

If you have an adjustable bed, you can opt to have a split king that allows both people to independently control the position of their side of the bed.

As noted above, infants should not co-sleep as pictured in this image. They should be in a baby box, bassinette, or other safe sleeping space so they can’t be accidentally suffocated. Older children can safely co-sleep as pictured.

Recommended Room Size

The recommended minimum room size for a standard King mattress is 10-feet x 12-feet although you’ll probably want more room.

California King Mattress Size

California King Mattress Size

The California King is the largest common mattress size of them all. An Alaskan King is even larger, measuring 108 inches (9-feet) in both directions. This size is the longest standard size. The California king-sized mattresses measure 72-inches in width and 84-inches in length. This size is perfect for people who prefer more length but not extra width.

On the mattress size chart, you’ll notice it is 4-inches narrower than the standard king size mattress, but of course, you get additional 4-inches in bed length. Being smaller than the standard king bed, California king is still 6-inches broader than a queen bed. It provides you and your partner with enough room for sleeping space or to cuddle as per your convenience.

The option for California King is best for adjustable beds because elevating the bed affects the usable length. A California King sized mattress gives you plenty of room to do whatever you want on it including accommodating your children and pets who invade your bed. This size can conveniently accommodate a third person on the bed with ease.

Like a King, you can opt for a split California King for an adjustable bed.

Recommended Room Size

The minimum room size for this mattress is 12-feet x 12-feet.

Mattress Thickness

You might have noticed that we didn’t mention much about the thickness of the mattress. Well, it is because there are no standards when it comes to thickness and the options vary quite a bit.

Some of them offer 9- to 10-inch thickness, but most of the pillow top beds have 15- to 16-inch depth or more (Like Dreamcloud mattress). Box springs raise the mattress even further from the ground.

When choosing the thickness of your mattress, there are a variety of things to consider.

Overall Height of the Mattress

The top of your mattress will be a combination of the height of the bed or platform plus the height of the mattress. If you will use a box spring, you have to also add the height of the box spring. Some beds are so tall you need steps to get into them. While this may look romantic, if you’re planning to have a baby, consider the difficulty of safely navigating the steps holding an infant who wants to nurse in the middle of the night when you’re exhausted.

Too much height can also be difficult for someone who has mobility issues.

However, a mattress that is too low to the ground can present other issues that make it difficult for someone with mobility issues to stand up from the bed. If mobility issues are a concern, you’ll want a total height close to that of most chairs which is about 20 – 22-inchs above the floor.

Thickness of the Mattress

Generally, the more you weigh, the thicker the mattress you’ll need not to bottom out. The minimum depth of a comfortable mattress varies by the types of materials used to make it. Innerspring and hybrid mattresses are generally thicker than latex or foam mattresses.

Bedding Should Consider the Height of the Mattress and the Bed

If you opt for a traditional bedspread that reaches the floor, the height of the entire bed needs to be considered. However, be aware that bedding that hangs to the floor is not recommended by bed bug experts.

Today, most people opt for a comforter that hangs to the bottom of the box spring.

Bedding Should Consider

You should also consider the height of your mattress when you buy sheets. If your mattress is only 10” thick and you buy sheets for beds with a 15” thickness, the fitted sheet may be loose and wrinkle underneath you. If you buy sheets for a 10” thick mattress and your mattress is 14” thick, you’ll have difficulties getting the sheets on and they will be more likely to come off.

Conclusion

You have many options. Evaluating your current and expected needs, space, and your budget will help you narrow your choice down to one or two. Otherwise, it is overwhelming.

Make sure you have space to walk around the bed. You don’t want the daily hassle of having to perform gymnastics just to make the bed. A mattress that is too big for the room makes it feel congested.

On the average, you will require a minimum of 30-inches between your bed and the wall for a convenient path for walking around. Add sixty inches to the width on the mattress size chart and compare it to the measurements of your room. Some beds also come with drawers underneath for additional storage space. If your bed has drawers, add more than sixty inches to the measurement on the mattress size chart. Because you won’t be able to access or use the drawers if your bed is placed too close to the wall.

So there it is, now you know all about different size mattresses that you can choose for your room. The mattress size chart includes all the common sizes in the USA, UK, EU, and Canada to assist you in choosing the best option for your situation.

If you have encountered a different mattress size anywhere in the world, we’d love to hear about it in the comments.

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Quick Charts

Canadian Bed Sizes

Canadian Mattress Sizes Width Centimeters Length Centimeters Width
Inches
Length
Inches
Canadian Half Queen 76.2 202 30 79.5
Canadian Twin/Single 96.5 189 38 74.5
Canadian Twin XL 96.5 202 38 79.5
Canadian Double/Full 134.5 189 53 74.5
Canadian Queen 152.5 202 60 79.5
Canadian Queen (RV) 152.5 189 60 74.5
Canadian Queen 152.5 202 60 79.5
Canadian Western King 183 213 72 84
Canadian Eastern King 193 202 76 79.5

UK Mattress Sizes

UK Mattress Sizes Width Centimeters Length Centimeters Width
Inches
Length
Inches
UK Single 90 190 35 75
UK Small Double 120 190 47 75
UK Double 135 190 53 75
UK King 150 200 59 79
UK Super King 160 200 63 79

French Mattress Sizes

French Mattress Sizes Width Centimeters Length Centimeters Width
Inches
Length
Inches
French Single 90 190 35.4 75
French Double/Full 140 190 55 75
French Queen 160 190 63 75
French King 180 200 70.9 79

USA Mattress Sizes

USA Mattress Sizes Width Centimeters Length Centimeters Width
Inches
Length
Inches
USA Twin 99 188 39 74
USA Twin XL 99 203 39 80
USA Full or Double 137 188 54 74
USA Full XL 137 203 54 80
USA (RV) Full 135 190 53 75
USA Queen 152 203 60 80
USA Olympic Queen 168 203 66 80
USA California Queen 152 213 60 84
USA Short Queen (RV) 152 190 60 75
USA King 193 203 76 80
USA California King 183 213 72 84

EU Mattress Sizes

EU Mattress Sizes Width Centimeters Length Centimeters Width
Inches
Length
Inches
EU Single 90 200 35 79
EU Double 140 200 55 79
EU King 160 200 63 79

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